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2019年迪拜送拍千年传承古物:武陵王玉圭

来源:洛阳之窗 2019-06-25 09:38:50

 

武陵王上圭

编号:DBPM--00008

长:24.5cm

宽:8cm

重:318.8g

King Yugui of Wuling

Number: DBPM - 00008

Long: 24.5 cm

Width: 8cm

Heavy: 318.8g

 

圭是上古重要的礼器,被广泛用作朝觐礼见标明等级身份的瑞玉及祭祀盟誓的祭器,在古代玉文化史上占有重要地位。周天子为便于统治,命令诸侯定期朝觐,以便禀承周王室的旨意。为表示他们身份等级的高低,周王子赐给每人一件玉器,在朝觐时持于手中,作为他们身份地位的象征。朝廷在分封诸侯时,常常赐以上圭,作为统治地方的权杖。获得上圭的诸侯在封地内掌握有生杀大权。之后各代帝王在遵循古制、点缀朝廷的威仪时曾制造过,但绝大多数没有流传下来。

Guelph is an important ancient ritual vessel, widely used as "pilgrimage ceremony see" marked the status of the rui jade and sacrificial oath sacrificial vessel, in the ancient history of jade culture occupies an important position.In order to facilitate his rule, the king ordered his princes to make regular pilgrimages so as to comply with the orders of the zhou royal family.To show their status, the prince of zhou gave each of them a piece of jade to hold in their hands during the hajj as a symbol of their status.When the imperial court enfeoffed vassals, it often gave them the upper guelph as the scepter to rule the place.The vassals of upper guelph held the power of life and death within the fief.Later generations of emperors in accordance with the ancient system, the ornament of the imperial court had made, but the vast majority did not survive.

 

圭身宽窄大小不一,现今所见的均为光素。山西侯马盟誓遗址所出的盟书均书写于不规则的石圭上。汉代玉圭已从社会日常生活中消失,只有王公贵族为了显示其地位,才特别雕造了少量的玉圭。清乾隆御题诗兽面纹玉圭保利拍出504.00万的价格。此圭正面最上方铸着皇帝,中间由上往下写着武陵王上圭,底部则有大秦始皇帝制;背面上方有一圆圈,内有福寿二字,中间有车马图,其画风乃汉画像石风格,图下方有排成四行的二十八字小篆铭文野竟清柳铜宙唱 率栈泰常患流蛇情堂逸標晨河睍 旋彪望城郸昆笛,雕工极其精细,全部图案及文字都是由工匠手工雕琢打磨而成,其艺术价值不菲。藏品保存完整,品相完美,包浆自然厚重,是一件难得的佳品之作。

The size of the body varies from width to width. What we see today is light element. The pledges of Houma League in Shanxi Province were written on irregular Shigui. Yugui in Han Dynasty has disappeared from the daily life of society. Only the princes and nobles carved a small number of Yugui in order to show their status. Qing Qianlong imperial poem animal face pattern Yugui Poly made a price of 504 million yuan. At the top of the front is the Emperor, with the inscription "Wuling King Shanggui" written from top to bottom, and "Daqin Shihuang System" at the bottom; at the top of the back is a circle with the word "Fushou" and the word "Car and Horse Picture" in the middle. The style of the painting is a stone portrait of the Han Dynasty, with the inscription "Yejinqingliu Bronze Age Singing Rate Stack" arranged in four rows below it. Bianchenhe Watches the Dankun Flute in the City of Dandan in a circle. The sculptor is extremely delicate. All the patterns and characters are hand-carved and polished by craftsmen. Its artistic value is very high. The collection is well preserved, perfect in appearance and naturally thick in pulp. It is a rare masterpiece.

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